Llaswyr Mair – the Rosary in Welsh

Source: Llyfr Gweddi Bach, A Simple Prayer Book, the Catholic Truth Society

The repetition of the Rosary is great for learning Welsh prayers by heart. Here are the headings and prayers. I would like to produce a version with short Scripture texts in Welsh for each mystery and will work on that. Meanwhile please let me know any typos/mistakes, and, indeed, if you find this useful say a prayer for me.


The Power of the Rosary: Sermon, St Mary, Bourne Street, 1st May 2022


St Mary, Bourne Street

1st May 2022

Easter 3

Fr Richard Peers SMMS

Mary of Nazareth

It was like music: 

Hovering and floating there 

With the sound of lutes and timbrels 

In the night air.

It was like waves, 

Beating upon the shore: 

Insistent with a rhythm, a pulsing 

Unfelt before. 

It was like wind: 

Blowing from off the seas 

Of other, far other 

Lands than these. 

It was like wings, 

Like whirring wings that fly 

The song of an army of swans 

On the dark sky. 

It was like God: 

A presence of blinding light, 

Ravishing body and soul 

In the Spring night. 

Clive Sansom

From Witnesses and Other Poems






Quaker poet Clive Sansom in his 1956 collection The Witnesses tells the life of Jesus in the words of those who knew him. Here his mother, Mary.

In this poem four images lead us to God. Like stepping stones crossing a river we trip lightly in this beautifully constructed poem from one side of the river to the other. 

there is something perfectly formed, and perfectly structured about this poem.

It’s brevity adds to that perfection. Utterly simple and utterly profound. The Annunciation  described in the simplest possible language with the ultimate mention of God as the only religious language used.

People often ask me  how to pray, or tell me that prayer is difficult.

I am very fortunate because I was taught to pray as soon as I was taught to speak. It was my gran that taught me. An Irish Catholic she only had two types of prayer. Going to Mass and praying the Rosary. And since she prayed the Rosary through most of the Mass, perhaps really the Rosary was her only way of praying.

It is easy to be dismissive of such simple prayer. the lifelong repetition of the prayers of the Rosary. In the Sub Deanery I have thousands of books on prayer, or spiritualities, Benedictine, Carmelite,  Ignatian and many more. But I wonder if they have really brought me any greater wisdom or faithfulness than my gran had.

I was delighted to hear that the Rosary is prayed publicly here at Bourne Street once a week during Our Lady’s Month of May. If this is something you haven’t done before I really encourage you to join in and try it out.

The Rosary works on many levels and each of these contribute to its richness. It is physical, Scriptural, Doctrinal and Sentimental. And all of those are important and vital to the Christin life.

PHYSICAL – Mindfulness

Occasionally, praying the Rosary with a group I’ve lent my beads to someone else who doesn’t have any with them. It is terrible. The physical touch of the beads, the movement of them through the fingers is vital to praying the Rosary.

When our brains associate objects, movements with particular emotional states it can help trigger those states. Just touching my Rosary beads in my pocket can help me feel steadier in moments of stress. It brings me back to the heart of who I am as a person. I can’t imagine going into a difficult meeting or starting a hard conversation without my beads in my pocket.

the Rosary also works physically through the repetition of the prayers. I really recommend praying the prayers aloud when you can. we know that the movement of the lips and the sound produced by the voice has a stronger effect than thinking the words in our heads.

Its why we speak texts out loud when we want to learn them off by heart.


the Rosary is deeply Scriptural. It is a series of meditations on Scriptural texts, moments known as Mysteries. It is quite good in the early days of praying the Rosary to have a book in front of us with those texts set out for us to meditate on, when ether is time to read those texts out loud as part of praying each mystery.


the Rosary is a great vehicle for orthodox doctrine. We repeat the words of the Apostles Creed at the start of every Rosary. The mysteries themselves teach us the fundamentals of the Christian faith. It would be impossible to pray the Rosary regularly and not be clear what it is we are to believe as Christians.

Because the Rosary is Scriptural and Doctrinal it protcets us from straying beyond orthodox teaching As St Louis de Montfort wrote:

“Never will anyone who says his Rosary every day be led astray. This is a statement that I would gladly sign with my blood.”


Clive Sansom’s poem Mary of Nazareth captures for me something that is so important for those of us who are Anglo-Catholics to recover. A proper place for sentiment in our Christian lives.

It was like God: 

A presence of blinding light, 

Ravishing body and soul 

In the Spring night. 

To be ravished, is to be embraced by something other, to be held in the arms of one who is not us. To be properly sentimental is to bring our Christian faith down from our heads deep into our hearts.

In the west we human beings tend to function as if our very existence is in our brains – there are even science fiction stories about preserving brains, or downloading personalities from a brain. But we are really highly embodied being, we exist in the totality of our physical existence – which is why the doctrine of the resurrection of the body is so significant for Christians.

for the eastern Orthodox tradition the uniting of mind and heart, the descent of the mind into the heart is the aim of the spiritual life. In the west St Augustine talks of the expanding of the heart.

The praying of the Rosary involves little intellectual effort. It requires the assent of faith, but more than that it depends on us being rooted in our bodies and centred in our hearts.

Finally, the Rosary is CHRIST CENTRED.

As St John Paul II said in his marvellous Apostolic Letter: Rosarium Virginis Mariae.

In the Rosary we remember Christ with Mary.

We learn Christ from Mary.

We are conformed to Christ with Mary

We pray to Christ with Mary

And we proclaim Christ with Mary.

If you have not tried the Rosary before, come along to the praying of the Rosary here at Bourne Street. Praying with others is the best way to learn it. But there are also apps, YouTube films and hundreds of books on how to pray the Rosary.

I learnt the Rosary with my gran. But it was with my mum that I discovered how vital, how life giving this prayer can be in the face of death.

Mum died just over two years ago having spent the last six weeks of her life in a beautiful hospice, St Gemma’s in Leeds.

Throughout those six weeks I was able to pray with her, almost daily. Occasionally celebrating Mass at her bedside but mostly praying the Rosary.

In my memory I now measure those six weeks, that ebbing away of her life, in her praying of the Rosary. Initially able to answer the prayers with me, each of us prayer half of the Our Father or Hail Mary; soon she just joined with me in saying the prayers. Eventually she just moved her lips as I prayed. In her last hours she cvould barely move her hand t ross herself and her lips moved just for the Amen at the end of each prayer. As the end came even that faded. She slipped away soon after I had prayed the prayer “Go forth from the world Christian soul.”

It was as beautiful a death as anyone could wish for, my brother and sister and I together with her, praying with her as she left.

Neither my mum or gran ever thought praying was hard or difficult. They never expected any mystical experiences, or the dark night the soul.  Probably neither of them ever read a book about prayer. But they proved to me that as St Francis de Sales wrote “the Rosary is the greatest method of prayer.”

What I learned from them is that Rosary is truly contemplative. Not as a technique for prayer, a forcing of contemplation, but as an opening up to that contemplation that is only ever a gift from God. resting in the divine presence without seeking or expectation.

Clive Ransom’s poem is both simple and dense. Like the Rosary it is beautifully structured.

like the Rosary it leads us from the very ordinary to the divine. And like the Rosary it is a model of true pious sentiment.

It was like music: 

Hovering and floating there 

With the sound of lutes and timbrels 

In the night air.

It was like waves, 

Beating upon the shore: 

Insistent with a rhythm, a pulsing 

Unfelt before. 

It was like wind: 

Blowing from off the seas 

Of other, far other 

Lands than these. 

It was like wings, 

Like whirring wings that fly 

The song of an army of swans 

On the dark sky. 

It was like God: 

A presence of blinding light, 

Ravishing body and soul 

In the Spring night.

Archbishop Fulton Sheen wrote of the Rosary:

that it 

“is the book of the blind, where souls see and there enact the greatest drama of love the world has ever known; 

it is the book of the simple, which initiates them into mysteries and knowledge more satisfying than the education of other men; 

it is the book of the aged, whose eyes close upon the shadow of this world, and open on the substance of the next. 

The power of the Rosary is beyond description.”

UPDATED A Rosary for the Year of Saint Joseph with Poems by Fr Steven Shakespeare SMMS


UPDATE 12 noon 11 December – Please see the second version of the booklet above; this includes a very beautiful poem for each mystery by Fr Steven Shakespeare SMMS. I am very grateful to Fr Steven for writing these and to Fr Nevsky for updating the booklet with these and other material.

When I was appointed Head teacher in 2008 I immediately dedicated my work to the patronage of St Joseph the Worker. The ‘worker priest’ movement had always appealed to me. There is also something appealing about St Jospeh as the silent one, the one who dreams dreams but does not speak. Perhaps, for someone like me who uses a lot of words there is a strong element of ‘opposites attract’. The popularisation of the statues of St Joseph the Sleeper also speak powerfully to me. Although I like to think of them more as St Jospeh the Dreamer. Sleep has always been important to me, but as much because I dream vividly as because of the need for rest. Dreams are a way I process things and in which I often hear God speaking – although rarely in ways in which it is easy to understand at the time. The Sleeping Buddha statues of the Thai tradition have also been significant to me in prayer life – at Amaravati in north London behind the main shrine particularly.

Appointed as Sub Dean at Christ Church, Oxford earlier this year I consecrated my work here too to the patronage of St Joseph. This was a community, I knew, that had suffered much over recent years and the still, contemplative, dreaming presence of St Joseph, as well as the craftsman taking great care in his work seemed significant to me. This was re-inforced when a friend said he had rescued a large statue of St Jospeh from a night club in Blackburn and did I want it? Another friend, a sister in the Sodality and priest who lives near Taizé offered to buy me a beautiful icon of St Joseph to be the principle image of the saint above the altar in my domestic Oratory.

When I was offered the job I hadn’t seen the house (all the interviews were Zoomed). A few months later as my predecessor showed me around the Sub Dean’s Lodgings I felt slight apprehension that I would have to use one of the bedrooms as an Oratory – complete with carpet, fireplace and wash-basin! But then he took me down to see the (extensive) cellars and I knew at once this was meant to be. The niches, many rooms and ancient walls – possibly the foundations to the huge chapel Cardinal Wolsey intended to, but never did, build -resonated immediately. On the day we moved in I celebrated Mass for the first time below the house (itself built in about 1670). The presence of Our Lord ever since has had a profound spiritual effect on the house and my work. The chapel is full of heating pipes, electric cables, remains of the internal workings of the house in other ages. Post-industrial chic barely does justice to it. The large (and expensive to run!) boiler keeps the whole space warm and cosy even in these December nights. Th staff here have kindly added additional sockets, sorted out sticking doors and even added a wi-fi point.

Although I call the whole space the Sacro Speco – named after St Benedict’s sacred cave; the Oratory itself is dedicated to St Joseph the Worker. Each day I pray a Vigils office here in the early hours as the dark of night prepares for dawn and at the end I sing the Daily Commemoration of St Jospeh found below. Each Wednesday I offer a Votive Mass of St Joseph and pray the Joseph Mysteries of the Rosary which I conceived of a few year ago.

I am delighted that my friend and brother Sodalist Fr Nevsky, chaplain up the road at Keble College, has extended the brief work I did, and his extended text is posted above as a PDF.

In this year of St Joseph may we all be blessed in our work. May those without work be blessed with work. May those whose work makes them miserable be liberated from their unhappiness. May we all see the spiritual life, our progress towards holiness as the greatest work of our lives and may St Joseph help us to dream dreams, sleep well, and imagine the impossible. May the holy craftsman pray for us as we craft our lives.

My post of a few years ago about the Jospeh mysteries together with the daily commemoration is re-produced below and is available here as a PDF.

Meanwhile here are photos of St Joseph in the sacro speco in Oxford.

Here’s a set of Joseph mysteries that I use and find helpful. I use them with the traditional prayers of the Rosary, but others could be prayed instead. One of the reasons for my own devotion to St Joseph is that we have such a negative attitude to work in our culture and to ‘craftsmanship’; I don’t think we can really educate children if they don’t believe that work is a good thing and that happiness in life might consist of more than winning Pop Idol, the Lottery or becoming a footballer. Joseph’s ‘hiddeness’ is a good counter-cultural symbol. As is his chastity in a society where being ‘a man’ is so coarsely associated with ‘having sex’.
Joseph is also a good patron for those who, as teachers or in other roles, look after children who are not their own. Finally, just using the word husband – and I always commemorate ‘Joseph, husband of Mary’ in the Eucharistic Prayer  – is good in raising the profile of marriage.

Mysteries of Saint Joseph

1 Joseph descended from David
2 Joseph the Just Man
3 Joseph following a dream takes Mary as his wife
4 Joseph warned in a dream takes Mary and Jesus into Egypt
5 Joseph the Carpenter

Here is a daily commemoration of Saint Joseph that can be prayed after the Office each working day:

Hymn to Saint Joseph
Joseph true servant, trusted by the Father,
from whom Christ learnt a human Father’s kindness,
pray we may know and reverence God at all times
in the defenceless.
Joseph, true workman, teaching Word incarnate
patience and pride in honest labour finished,
show us who work, God’s plan for skill and service
in every calling

Joseph true saint, your Sanctity unsought for
won in you doubt and suffering and struggle,
pray we keep faith in every tribulation
till God shines clearly.

V. This is a wise and faithful servant.
R. Whom the master placed in charge of his household.

God our Father,
you willed that your Son,
under Joseph’s authority,
should experience daily life and human work.
By the prayers of Saint Joseph,
help us to sanctify the present moment,
to be concerned for our neighbour
and be faithful to the tasks of every day.
hear us, through Christ our Lord.

Saint Joseph, husband of Mary: Pray for us.
Saint Joseph, patron of workers: Pray for us.
Saint Joseph, the craftsman: Pray for us.

Alternative hymns of Saint Joseph from New Camaldoli, Lauds and Vespers:
                      – A –
O hidden saint of silent ways,
we do not know a word you spoke;
but deeds not words were all your strength
when to your calling you awoke.

Come as it might, you heard God’s word
and never stopped to count the cost
content to be his instrument,
and count your reputation lost.

Incarnate Lord, who came to save,
show us by Joseph’s prayer anew
the secrets of your darker ways;
keep us in life and dying true.

We have so little word of you;
how hidden, Joseph was your life.
yet what you chose to do speaks much,
in taking Mary as your wife.

The dreams you honoured led your soul;
you never stopped to count the cost,
content to listen and to act
than fear your reputation lost.

How often had you thought you’d failed
the flight by night, the life-long fears?
Yet quietly you stood your ground,
and, faithful, laboured through the years.

Lord Jesus, formed and fathered well
by one so faithful and so free;
may we not flee life’s darker days,
but live them fully, trustingly.

The Rosary: Jesus Centred, Spirit Filled, Bible Based

Talk to the Sodality at the Admission of new members and Aspirants, Solemnity of the Immaculate Conception 2020, Fr Richard Peers, Superior

Last summer, my brother, sister and I sat around the bed in St Gemma’s Hospice in Leeds where our mum was dying. Over the weeks she had been there we had the great gift of being able to visit her daily, and for me the great gift of praying the Rosary with her. No matter how tired or exhausted she became she would push at the beads on the hospital table and I would pray a set of mysteries. Initially praying strongly with me, as she weakened I would hardly be able to hear her say the second half of each prayer until I needed to say the whole prayer for her. Summoned by the staff early on a Friday as we gathered for her last few hours I started on the Rosary. There was no sound, her lips moved to the prayers and Brideshead-like she raised her hand slightly from the sheets as I made the sign of the cross at the start. A couple of hours later her lips stopped moving and soon we noticed that she had stopped breathing. The Rosary was deeply embedded in Mum’s consciousness and, as it became clear her sub-conscious too. When so much else in her memory had fallen away the Rosary remained.

The Rosary has always been part of my life. I remember my grandmother – who I lived with for part of my childhood – praying the Rosary each evening. Sometimes tuning in to Vatican Radio to pray it in Latin. Rosary with her before weekday Masses in her church in Bolsover. Rosary at home with mum. Rosary on camps as a teenager, Rosary at theological College in the chapel and with friends in our rooms; Rosary in the parishes I’ve served in. Rosary with the brothers of the Jerusalem Community in the car driving through the French countryside back to the centre of Paris after their retreat day.  Rosary at Lourdes, and Rosary at Walsingham, in the Holy House, and, of course, through the loud speakers at the national pilgrimage.

I’m only going to speak briefly today but I want to do so with some intensity, some considerable conviction because as I get older I find the Rosary is becoming increasingly important as part of my prayer life. Not least because like many others of us it is almost the only form of prayer (with microphone and camera switched off) that I can bear on Zoom and really feel enriched not drained by.

Like many others I probably read too much mystical literature as an adolescent and young man. I imagined that I would attain to the height of Mount Carmel, pass through the Mansions of prayer and by the time I got to my age now be a master of the contemplative life!

Well, it ain’t like that. I am content now to paddle in the shallows of the spiritual life; to enjoy the playful waves not of a crashing sea but of a quiet day on the beach. My prayer life is definitely of the bucket and spade variety with an occasional ice-cream. I am more than happy to leave the depths to others or until such a time that God calls me.

I want to do two things today. To make some simple suggestions for the way we pray the Rosary as a community and as individuals and to do so by recommending we all read a short text, an Apostolic Letter of Pope St John Paul II: Rosarium Virginis Mariae. I have put a PDF version of the whole text in the files on our Facebook group and also a shortened version with some key phrases highlighted by me.

My Twitter profile at the moment includes three two word phrases that have appealed to me for some time as I consider my Christian life and seek to be:

Jesus- centred



I believe the Rosary is all these things.

Near the end of his letter John Paul II writes:

“The centre of gravity in the Hail Mary, the hinge as it were which joins its two parts, is the name of Jesus.”

The Rosary is hinged on Jesus, centred on Jesus. The opening prayers and each Mystery include the prayer that Jesus taught. And to be Jesus-centred is to be profoundly a person of the church,

“The Our Father,” Pope John Paul writes, “makes meditation upon the mystery, even when carried out in solitude, an ecclesial experience.”

And, beautifully, he describes the beads themselves, as physical objects that illustrate this Jesus-centred, ecclesial spirituality. “the beads converge on the Crucifix”.

And “the beads remind us of our many relationships, of the bond of communion and fraternity which unites us all in Christ.”

This is such a beautiful thing for us in the Sodality. Our bonds are in many ways not very substantial, but we are a chain of relationships, now across the world, that I hold on to day in day out as I pray my beads.

The Rosary is Jesus Centred.

The Rosary is Spirit filled because it is contemplative prayer. In it we follow the example of Mary who “pondered these things in her heart”. As we ponder the mysteries of the Rosary it becomes a “way of assimilating the mystery”. It is an act of remembering that creates us as people who are formed in the likeness of Christ because we are what we remember. This is why we can’t pray the Rosary too often. It is a constant work of conversion as it shapes our minds and identities.  As its “quiet rhythm and lingering pace” become a “training in holiness”, that phrase alone make sit a suitable prayer for us as Sodalists with our single aim of “growing in holiness because the world needs holy priests.”

As you know charismatic renewal is an important part of my life. The gifts of the Spirit are real and necessary for me. But the Spirit’s gifts are not all fireworks, they include the gift of contemplation, of stillness, of “attentive listening”.

By its rhythms and its concreteness I find the Rosary can bring me to a place of stillness even in times of great stress and anxiety.

The Rosary is Spirit-filled.

The Rosary is bible-based because it feeds into our memories, our identities the great mysteries of the Christian faith, beginning with the creed and extending into meditation on the individual mysteries. The prayers of the Rosary are the “warp into which is woven contemplation of the mysteries.” I really like this image from the Apostolic letter because sometimes, especially when people start praying the Rosary, it can feel like there is too much to do, too much going on. But if we imagine ourselves weaving a strong, and beautiful, fabric using the warp and weft of prayer and contemplation it may help us to see what we are doing. Pope John Paul also addresses the use of the imagination, specifically mentioning the Ignation method of ‘composing the scene’, picturing in as much detail as possible the scene of the Mystery. We can become very words in our prayer and should not be afraid of using our visual memories as much as our verbal minds.

The Rosary is bible-based.

So from these reflections based on Rosarium Virginis Mariae, I want to make some practical suggestions for the way we pray the Rosary together.

In particular I want to reflect on the place of specific intercession – which is so important. Those of us who are familiar with praying the Rosary at Walsingham stood or sat around the Holy House will know what a major part intercession and the lists of those to be prayed for plays in that devotion. But as I hope I have shown intercession needs to be balanced with the biblical-contemplative dimension of the gospel. “No other words can ever match the efficacy of the inspired word.” Pope John Paul II writes of the Rosary.

I also notice that in our Zoom Rosaries we can have a good deal of intercession at each mystery and then requests for prayer at the end of the meeting which means both a good deal of intercessory material and also that we end with material without being able to process it or talk around it. So I suggest that we remove requests for intercession from the end of our meetings entirely and we end with the Hail  Mary and Sodality Prayer. At the beginning of the Rosary having made the sign of the cross and recited the creed the leader then ask for any prayer requests. 

We hold these in silence before moving to the mysteries.Individual intentions for each decade are still possible on occasion thus combining the specific intercessions of our community and the intentions offered by the leader of the Rosary. But while there may not always be intercession for each mystery there ought always to be Scripture and silence.

It may also be appropriate at the end of the Salve Regina before the versicle (Pray for us Holy Mother of God etc) that a time of silence be punctuated by anyone calling out names of those to be prayed for as they wish. I think this can work quite powerfully on Zoom. That way the time after the Rosary is for conversation and news and does not end on too undigested a heavy note.

There are other elements that John Paul II suggests which used judiciously might enhance our praying of the Rosary:


Every praying of the Rosary should involve some reading of Scripture; there are lots of Rosary books around with shorter and longer suggestions, and these can be found online as well and can be used before each mystery.


Each of these Scripture readings could profitably be followed by a period of silence, not just a moment but a minute or two.


Additional prayers often in Collect format can enrich our understanding of the mystery and usefully follow the Glory be …

There are also many other short meditations that can be used without adding huge amounts of time to the Rosary. Fr Steven Shakespeare and I are hoping to work on some of these, he is writing poems and I am compiling other material – I hope that now the first few months of the new job are done I can find time to work on that. I often mention Bishop David Konstant’s Mysteries of the Rosary as a great source of material.

I don’t want to suggest overwhelming the Rosary or extending our time too long but I think some light tweaking of our prayer would be helpful. Pope John Paul II talks of the ‘sobriety’ of the Rosary and the ‘noble simplicity’ of Latin Christianity should be respected. But I do want to encourage some light creativity!

Most of all I want to thank the 20 or so new members admitted today and next week (in Australia and New Zealand) and all Sodalists for committing to this community in which the Rosary has found such a natural home, or rather in which we as a community have found our natural home.

“If ever I come to the end of a day without having said the Rosary,” Blessed Columba Marmion declared, “I confess that I feel disappointed.”

I hope that each of us will find deep joy and satisfaction in being faithful pray-ers of the Rosary.